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Making Out In Arabic LINK

In Arabic, text is justified by adding Kashidas. Kashidas are added to arabic characters to lengthen them. Whitespace is not modified. Use automatic Kashida insertion to justify paragraphs of arabic text.

Making Out In Arabic

Arabic text to speech online voices provided by Narakeet are realistic, lifelike and natural. They can help you create arabic voice over quickly, much faster and cheaper than hiring Arabic voice talent. Here are some things you can make with Narakeet:

Employees walk to work on the first working Friday in Dubai, on Jan. 7. The United Arab Emirates has changed its workweek, making Sunday, which is a workday in many Muslim countries, now part of the weekend. Karim Sahib/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

"It truly feels like living in the thick of the history in the making," says Ludmila Yamalova, the founder and managing partner of a Dubai-based law firm. "I have never seen such an extraordinary volume of progressive legislative amendments."

Sure, many winemakers might scoff at yet another additive, but gum arabic is a natural product widely used in the food and beverage industry and a permissible additive in commercial winemaking. And the great thing about home winemaking is that there are no boundaries, so experiment all you can. So why not give it a try in your home winemaking?

Gum arabic, also known as gum acacia, is a natural glycoprotein-containing heteropolysaccharide extracted from the sap of two specific species of African Acacia trees: A. senegal and A. seyal. A heteropolysaccharide is a substance made up of many different saccharide units. In the case of gum arabic, the polymer is highly branched, consisting of arabinose, rhamnose and galactose units as well as glucuronic acids. Some of the many amino acids in the protein fractions include hydroxyproline, serine, threonine, proline, leucine, histidine and aspartic acid. The structure varies depending on a number of factors such as origin of wood, forest climate, and processing methods.

Gum arabic is very soluble in water and, as a colloid dispersion, it is used in food and beverage processing for a wide range of applications including as a stabilizer, an emulsifier, and as a thickener and syrup for making soft drinks or making gummy candies and chewing gum. One of its defining characteristics is that it exhibits very low viscosity compared to other gums in up to 30% aqueous solutions.

For winemaking applications, gum arabic is available in as small a format as 4 fl oz. (118 mL) and up to a gallon (3.8 L) or more, typically as a 20% solution under such names as Arabinol (AEB Group) and Stabivin (Laffort). The solution may contain some sulfite used as a preservative. The 4-fl oz. format is good to treat up to 30 gallons (114 L) of wine.

One of the distinctive features of gum arabic is that it acts as an adsorbing, protective colloid, meaning that it has the ability to protect colloidal matter from flocculating and precipitating into sediments. Colloidal matter is protected when sufficient amounts of protective colloids surround the surface of the colloidal matter, preventing its aggregation. Mannoproteins extracted from dead yeast cell walls during autolysis is another example of a protective colloid.

In young red wines, gum arabic can be used to stabilize anthocyanins, i.e., color pigments, which are known to be chemically unstable until they start polymerizing with tannins into larger anthocyanin-tannin complexes. But its greatest asset in reds is its ability to reduce tannin astringency and increase the perception of body or volume, reduce the perceptions of acidity and tannin harshness, while adding body, particularly that gum arabic action is most effective at higher wine pH. It is not recommended for reds destined for aging as those much-desirable polyphenol chemical reactions become inhibited and therefore shunting graceful maturation; the wine could take on a milky appearance that can affect its normal clarity. Try it on Gamay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Petite Sirah, and even Cabernets.

In sparkling wines, it can also enhance perlage or bubbling where it acts by reducing the surface tension of the wine, which leads to increased fizzing. The magic of gum arabic can be witnessed by pouring an untreated sample and a treated one side by side in tall flutes and watching the bubbles in the treated sample race ahead.

Where cold stabilization through natural chilling or refrigeration methods is not possible, gum arabic can be used to enhance the action of metatartaric acid and extend its short-lived effects. It does so by encasing tartar crystals thereby keeping them completely separated and inhibiting tartrate crystal growth. Whereas a wine treated with metatartaric acid will be stable for approximately a year, gum arabic can add 6 months to a year. Metatartaric acid is a hemipolylactide of tartaric acid, meaning that it is a compound resulting from the intermolecular esterification and polymerization of tartaric acid molecules. It acts by interfering with bitartrate formation by binding to the active sites of the micro-crystal nuclei, which form the starting point for crystal formation; however, as metatartaric acid slowly hydrolyzes into tartaric acid, inhibition potential diminishes and the potential of tartrate formation increases, meaning that its action is temporary, usually less than one year. This reverse reaction can be slowed down by adding gum arabic and storing wine at colder temperatures.

As a stabilizing agent, gum arabic can be used to prevent ferric casse in high-iron content wines in conjunction with citric acid. Ferric casse is a highly oxidative condition that can cause turbidity (cloudiness). Although some iron comes from the soil, high iron is usually the result of processing juice or wine with equipment made from iron or iron alloys. Traditionally, affected wine was treated with ferrocyanic salts, such as potassium ferrocyanide, in what is known as blue fining; however, the use of this treatment is not recommended in home winemaking as it must be administered by an experienced enologist; excess ferrocyanide can decompose to highly toxic cyanides in the acidic medium of wine.

Older literature states that gum arabic can plug final filters; however, modern products are sterile filtered in order to ensure that the gum is completely sterile and easy to filter once added to wine. There are no concerns with the type of filter equipment used in home winemaking. In my experience, there have been no problems filtering treated wine down to 0.45 micron (e.g. fine or number 3 filter pads).

In sparkling wine, gum arabic is blended into the dosage and added to each bottle immediately following disgorging; it should never be added to the base wine that will be going through bottle fermentation.

Yes. Please be aware that when you register your claim to a copyright in a work with the U.S. Copyright Office, you are making a public record. All the information you provide on your copyright registration is available to the public and will be available on the Internet.

You may make a new claim in your work if the changes are substantial and creative, something more than just editorial changes or minor changes. This would qualify as a new derivative work. For instance, simply making spelling corrections throughout a work does not warrant a new registration, but adding an additional chapter would. See Circular 14, Copyright Registration in Derivative Works and Compilations, for further information.

As i was searching curses in arabic and found this one. My husband is a lebanese and im not. We were crazy that one day we talked to each other cursing in arabic while me of course i only know 2 or 3 curses in arabic.. Now i got more 7 curses to throw at basically were just messin up with each other no harmful intended.

hey im arabic and i live in riyahd for like my hole life so i came here bc i was bored the words are very real i even used them in a daily based and there is زق ZAG that literally means shit i hope to every one who wants to learn arabic please keep going its a beautiful language all he best boi

2:34 P.M. EDT Q (Introduction inArabic.) Dr. Rice, we would like to thank you very much forthis opportunity that you give to Al Jazeera and to our audience in theArab and Muslim world. And since we have a limited time, letme start first with the latest developments. British Prime Minister Blair met withChairman Arafat. They both emphasized the importance ofreviving the peace process. Chairman Arafat called on the Israeligovernment to start immediately the permanent statusnegotiations. Would you second him in that appeal? DR. RICE: Thank you very muchfor the opportunity to be with you. Indeed, we took note of the veryfruitful discussions between Prime Minister Blair and ChairmanArafat. The United States fully agrees that as soon aspossible we should get into the Mitchell Process, which lays out a roadmap toward meaningful political negotiations toward a final status. The President has been very active inasking both sides to do what they can to make certain that we get intothe Mitchell Process. He has asked Chairman Arafat to make100 percent effort to arrest and deal with terrorism and violencetoward Israel. He has asked Prime Minister Sharon to donothing to make the situation worse and, indeed, to -- the Israelispulled out of Hebron. We take note of that. There have been security talks between thetwo sides that are sponsored by the United States. And so weare hopeful that the two sides will be able to get into the MitchellProcess. We think that that's the way to get back todiscussions of a final status. Q But you know thatPrime Minister Sharon imposed a seven-day truce that he wanted to bedone before we get into the Mitchell plan. And if theMitchell plan -- or the main goal of the Mitchell plan is for thecease-fire and the stopping of violence, how come, if we have thestopping of violence before we started, why do we wait forit? Why don't we implement the Mitchell plan now, instead ofwaiting seven days that is not going to come? DR. RICE: Well, we would liketo implement the Mitchell plan as soon as possible. And wework every day with both parties to get to conditions under which wecan implement the Mitchell plan. It is very important that the level ofviolence be brought down. And again, Chairman Arafat, inrecent days, has made some important steps in thatdirection. It is very important that the Israelis work toopen closures, to relieve the financial and economic pressures on thePalestinian people. We think there are some hopeful signs,and we're going to try to nourish those hopeful signs along so that wecan begin the Mitchell Process. Q Are these hopefulsigns enough for President Bush to meet Chairman Arafat? DR. RICE: We have been in touchwith Chairman Arafat. In fact, Secretary Powell talked withhim just last week. And the President has made very clearthat he intends to have meetings when he thinks that meetings cancontribute to the process. And so while there's nothingplanned, we continue to consider the question. Q President Bushmentioning of a Palestinian state as part of the U.S. vision of thepeace settlement has been received very positively in the Arabworld. However, nothing has been materialized, or at leastU.S. position has not put publicly to recognize and to support such aPalestinian state. Why should we leave that to the partieswhile one is supposed to be the occupier and one the occupied? DR. RICE: Well, he Presidentstated very clearly and very publicly that he believed that in theMiddle East that there had to be a Palestinian state and it had to be astate that recognized the existence of Israel; there had to be securityfor all parties. But he's been very clear that he believesthat that is an important part of the end state. We do need to work step-by-step to getback into a process that will lead us to final statusnegotiations. We believe that that begins with the lesseningof the violence, as Mitchell envisions. It then should go toconfidence-building measures that both sides might take. Our goal in the United States has been tomake certain that we make steady progress toward getting back into theMitchell plan. It is a very active administration on thisfront -- Secretary Powell, the President, himself. It isalso important that we work with other Arab leaders. ThePresident is in constant contact with President Mubarak of Egypt, alongtime proponent and active person in the peace process. So we're doing what wecan. But, yes, the President does imagine a Palestinianstate as a part of his vision for the future. Q Would Jerusalembe also the capital -- East Jerusalem the capital of such a state? DR. RICE: Well, we understandthe importance of Jerusalem to the great religions of the world, and webelieve that this is something that must be settled in final statusnegotiations. Q Dr. Rice, shouldpeople in the Arab world look forward for the mid of November assomething -- a U.S. plan for the Middle East would be announced then,something similar to the Madrid Conference after immediately the GulfWar of '91? DR. RICE: Well, we areconstantly evaluating how we can best push the process of Middle Eastpeace forward. I wouldn't put any time line on what theUnited States might do next. We really do believe right nowthat our best strategy is to work with the parties to get into theMitchell Process. After all, the Mitchell Process is uniquein that both sides have agreed that that is the blueprint goingforward. And we do think that we can make progress; we workat it every day. We know that the progress is not coming asfast as most would like, certainly not as fast as we wouldlike. But we think that it's going to be a more stable and,ultimately, fruitful process if we can work steadily toward gettingback to Mitchell. Q If we move to thecurrent crisis that started September 11th and, of course, the militaryactions since last Sunday. We see from polls and fromdemonstrations in the street that while governments support the U.S.,the public or the streets in the Arab and Muslim world do not dothat. Do you think that there is a problem of, is itmisunderstanding, or because the U.S. only rely on government support,regardless of the people? DR. RICE: We, of course, havevery good relations with a number of governments in the MiddleEast. But we care very much also about the people of theMiddle East, the Arab populations. And the United States isa place to which many Arabs have looked as a place -- we have a numberof Arab immigrants in the United States. I was a professor at Stanford University;the largest growing population of Stanford University was the Muslimstudent population. We think that the United States is aplace in which religious tolerance and a belief that all people shouldlive together in peace is a message that would resonate withpopulations in the region. And so we're trying to do abetter job in getting that message out to people. We want itto be very clear that the war on terrorism is not a war againstIslam. Islam is a peaceful religion. Islam is areligion that respects innocent human life. So we cannot believe that Islam wouldcountenance the kind of destruction of innocence that we saw onSeptember 11th. Many Muslims in the United States lost theirlives in those bombings. So our view is that the populations -- webelieve that there is still a reservoir of goodwill for the UnitedStates that we can tap into. We are concerned about theeconomic prosperity and opportunity for people in the MiddleEast. And that's a message that we will continue to carry. Q So is it aproblem of perception, an image of the U.S. only, or is it policiesthat are perceived to be double standards and we need to review theU.S. policies in the Middle East? Are we reviewing it orthings going to stay the same only -- in public relation arena will bemore active? DR. RICE: No, we believe thatthe policies that the United States is pursuing are ones that are goodfor the Middle East as a whole -- populations that are Arabpopulations, as well as the population of Israel. A viable peace process that leads to thekind of world that the President has talked about -- with a Palestinianstate and an Israeli state that live together in peace, where Israelcan live in peace with her neighbors -- this would be good for thewhole region. And it's been the policy of the United Statesnow for years to pursue that. We have pursued economic development withclose partners in the region. We just signed a free tradeagreement with Jordan that we believe will bring jobs and opportunityto the population of Jordan. We have a healthy economicdialogue with Egypt. We think that our policies are policiesthat are healthy for the region. And as so, we look forwardto talking more about the policies. This is not just amatter of perception; it is a matter of policies that we think arehealthy for the region. Q Aside from theArab-Israeli conflict that you talked about -- and that seems that theU.S. policy is not going to change in that regard -- Iraq, as you mighthave heard in many of the tapes of bin Laden or others, or even otherpeople aren't friends of the U.S., is one of the sources of friction orproblems for people in the Middle East toward U.S. policy. However,you are personally perceived as one of the few people in theadministration who would like to enlarge the war in terrorism toinclude Iraq. Correct me, please. DR. RICE: Iraq has been aproblem not just for U.S. policy, but for policy in the region, aswell. This is a country that could not even acknowledge theright to exist of Kuwait. This is a country that hasthreatened its neighbors, that has been harmful to its own people. And we believe that our policies towardIraq simply are to protect the region and to protect Iraq's people andneighbors. Now, we understood when we came to powerhere in Washington several months ago that we had a problem, forinstance, on Iraqi sanctions; that people believed, or that SaddamHussein was claiming that the sanctions that were in place were somehowharming the Iraqi people. We do not believe that they wereharming the Iraqi people because in the north, where the U.N.administers the oil-for-food program, Iraqi people are doing well.It's only where Saddam Hussein administers oil-for-food that there is aproblem with the Iraqi people. But that said, we want to change thesanctions. We want to change the sanctions so that they areaimed at the regime, which is a danger to its neighbors, not at thepeople. Q Other than that,there is no military action awaiting Iraq after all the militarymobilization in the area as a second stage of this war on terrorism? DR. RICE: The President hasmade very clear that the war on terrorism is a broad war onterrorism. You can't be for terrorism in one part of theworld and against it in another part of the world. We worryabout Saddam Hussein. We worry about his weapons of massdestruction that he's trying to achieve. There's a reason he doesn't want U.N.inspectors -- it's because he intends to acquire weapons of massdestruction. But for now, the President has said that hisgoal is to watch and monitor Iraq; and, certainly, the United Stateswill act if Iraq threatens its interests. Q How about Syria? DR. RICE: With Syria, we'vebeen very clear that we do not believe that Syria can be against alQaeda, but in favor of other terrorist groups. But we have had somediscussions with Syria. The President, in his speech to theJoint Session, said: those who continue to harborterrorists. That's an invitation to countries to stop the practice ofharboring terrorism. Q So if Syria doesnot cooperate against people who are from Jihad or Hamas, they shouldbe targeted also? DR. RICE: We have ruled out atthis point issues that concern making -- that draw distinctions betw


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